O&P REF Steering Committee Members

Brad Arnold
Operational Compliance Manager
Ameren Missouri


Brad Arnold has worked in Energy Management and Trading for Ameren Missouri for ten years. Mr. Arnold’s responsibilities have included Real-time Power Trading, Congestion Hedging Strategy and Execution, Load Forecasting, Long-term Energy Sales, Generation Offer Strategy, and Innovative Technology Implementation. In his current role, Mr. Arnold manages Ameren Missouri’s Energy Management and Trading Operational Compliance Program. Mr. Arnold has held elected leadership roles in the MISO stakeholder community, and is currently Ameren’s primary representative in the North American Generator Forum (NAGF.) Mr. Arnold participates in NERC, SERC, MISO, and industry groups and seminars to stay current on both ongoing and developing compliance issues.

Prior to joining Ameren, Mr. Arnold worked in Compliance at A.G. Edwards & Sons, Inc. and in Financial Operations at the Boeing Company.

Mr. Arnold has a B.S. in Finance from Missouri State University and an MBA from St. Louis University.

Scott Brame, PE
Manager of Reliability Compliance
North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation


Scott Brame is currently the Manager of Reliability Compliance for North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation (NCEMC). Mr. Brame has over seven years of experience in the utility industry having worked in a broad range of operations and planning positions including Energy Operations, Transmission Resource Planning and Portfolio Management. Mr. Brame has spent the last four years in his current role, and is responsible for the overall NERC and regional compliance efforts for NCEMC and its 20 participating member cooperatives. To ensure that NERC and Regional Standards Requirements are continuously met, Mr. Brame leads a team of subject matter experts from the diverse fields of planning, operations and plant engineering; and he is the single point of contact for all compliance, audit and enforcement matters. Mr. Brame has successfully led NCEMC through two regional audits (SERC and ReliabilityFirst) by spearheading an effective documentation and internal controls system. He often participates with SERC and industry groups to provide comments during the Standards development process, and represents NCEMC as a member of the NERC registered ballot body.

Mr. Brame has Bachelor of Science degrees in both Electrical and Computer Engineering from North Carolina State University and also holds a Masters of Business Administration degree from Campbell University. He is a licensed Professional Engineer (PE) in the state of North Carolina. To maintain his sharp compliance focus, Mr. Brame actively participates in several NERC, SERC and industry-sponsored seminars, conferences and workshops each year. His broad experience, willingness to listen to and share ideas, and overall cooperative spirit make Mr. Brame an excellent resource for the SERC REF Steering Committee.

Michael Lowman, PE, NCSO
Lead Compliance Engineer
Duke Energy Carolinas


Mike Lowman has spent his entire career with Duke Energy Carolinas, previously Progress Energy. For the last three years, Mr. Lowman has been the Lead Reliability Standards Developer in the Transmission Compliance Coordination department. In this role, he is responsible for coordinating and developing Duke Energy’s enterprise position on NERC Standards projects and leading and participating in implementation efforts for standards subject to future enforcement.

Mr. Lowman worked in the System Operations department for 14 years. During that time, Mr.Lowman worked as a system operator for Progress Energy for four years, performing the roles of the BA and TOP functions and spent time as a system operator for Duke Energy Carolinas for five years performing the roles of the BA, TOP, and RC functions. Mr. Lowman also spent five years as an Operations Planning Engineer for Duke Energy Carolinas serving as the subject matter expert (SME) for the TOP and MOD standards, the lead SME for the calculation of AFC/ATC, performed next-day studies, provided System Operator training as needed, and provided support to the real-time system operators. Mr. Lowman participated on the MOD-A standard drafting team as Vice-Chair, and currently serves on the Risk Based Registration (RBR) Advisory Group.

Mr. Lowman graduated from Clemson University with a Bachelors of Science in Electrical Engineering, and is currently a Licensed Professional Engineer in the states of North and South Carolina and a NERC Certified System Operator at the RC level.

Sarah Snow
Reliability Compliance Administrator
Cooperative Energy


Sarah Snow is currently the Reliability Compliance Administrator for Cooperative Energy (formerly South Mississippi Electric Power Association), headquartered in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. Ms. Snow has held this position for the last two years. During her tenure at the company, she has coordinated and prepared for an onsite CIP audit, an onsite Operations and Planning audit, and a NERC Balancing Authority re-certification review process.

Prior to joining South Mississippi Electric Power Association, Ms. Snow served as staff attorney for the Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Court and as a corporate trust manager for a large financial institution. Ms. Snow graduated Summa Cum Laude from Mississippi State University with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and a Juris Doctorate from Mississippi College School of Law. She is licensed to practice law in Mississippi and Tennessee.

Bill Thigpen
Supervisor of Compliance Support
PowerSouth Energy Cooperative


Bill Thigpen is currently Supervisor of Compliance Support for PowerSouth Energy Cooperative. PowerSouth Energy Cooperative serves the energy needs of 16 electric Cooperatives and four municipal electric systems in Alabama and Northwest Florida. Mr. Thigpen has over 29 years of experience in the utility industry, having worked in PowerSouth’s Energy Control Center as a System Operator for almost 18 years, followed by 11 years as the Energy Control Center Supervisor. Mr. Thigpen began working in the Compliance Support Department in June of 2015. Compliance Support’s main role is to facilitate PowerSouth's compliance with NERC Standards and to ensure that sufficient internal controls are in place to maintain that compliance.

Mr. Thigpen has a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Auburn University. He maintains a NERC System Operator Certification. In his previous role as Energy Control Center supervisor, Mr. Thigpen was an active member of the SERC System Operator Subcommittee (SOS). Mr. Thigpen participates in NERC, SERC, and industry seminars and conferences to maintain compliance awareness. Mr. Thigpen has also worked on several SERC Audits as an Industry Subject Matter Expert.